Zakat during the Covid 19 Pandemic is the Right Sharing Moment
This month of Ramadan feels different from the previous month of Ramadan, because Muslims around the world, including Indonesia, have to fast in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic. Many activities in the month of Ramadan must be adjusted according to circumstances. Worship which is usually performed in a mosque, for example tarawih prayer, tadarus al-quran must be done at home.
This was implemented in order to reduce the spread of the covid-19 virus. Not only these activities, the tradition of sharing takjil before breaking the fast feels lonely, even though these activities are characteristic of the month of Ramadan. Then how do Muslims share with other underprivileged people other than takjil before breaking the fast?
Lecturer with the Bachelor of Sharia Economics at STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Dra. Ec. Sri Lestari Kurniawati, M.S., stated that we need to know that the month of Ramadan is a month of sharing, a month of generosity. As explained in Surah Al-Baqaroh (2): 254, "O you who believe, spend (in the way of Allah) a portion of the sustenance that We have given you before the day comes on that day there is no buying and selling anymore and there is no more shafa'at. "
According to him, as we know that zakat is part of the pillars of Islam, for those who have met the requirements, it is obligatory to pay zakat, especially zakat fitrah. Zakat fitrah will indeed be given at the end of Ramadan with the aim that Muslims who are included in vulnerable groups, such as the needy, the poor, and the poor. They are expected to participate in celebrating Eid.
Sri Lestari said, the Covid-19 pandemic is not a barrier to paying zakat. In fact, it is at times like this that the collection of zakat should be increased even more. According to him, this effort is intended so that zakat can be immediately distributed to mustahik (people who are entitled to receive zakat, -red) more quickly. "So it is expected to be paid immediately with the aim of being able to immediately help people in need," he advised.
Based on an online video conference on Friday, May 15, 2020, Chairman of the National Zakat Agency (Baznas) Bambang Sudibyo stated that the number of poor people had suddenly increased during the Covid-19 pandemic. Therefore, the role of zakat is becoming increasingly important, as well as the way of distribution or distribution, the distribution of zakat fitrah during the pandemic is different from previous years, the distribution of zakat fitrah at this time must pay attention to the Shari'a and the Covid-19 protocol.
Sri Lestari also advised that zakat to be distributed must be served quickly, easily and safely. It is also necessary to pay attention to all activities by amil zakat, whether the focus is on activities of collecting and distributing zakat, must avoid direct contact with mustahik such as face to face, or even collecting muzaki or mustahik. Whatever the activities of the amil must pay attention to the protocol to avoid the spread of Covid-19 by completing health protective equipment including masks, gloves, and hand sanitiesers. "This condition does not discourage sharing, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic, because this is the right moment to share. So keep the spirit to share, "he said. (hms)